What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence ((AI) is a branch of computer science susceptible to performing tasks that require human intelligence. AI is a technology and an artificial creation of human-like intelligence with multiple approaches programmed to replicate human actions.

The world is changing, so does technology. From the previous years, AI is a machine programmed to recognize text through optimal recognition or calculate essential functions. As the years progressed, artificial intelligence continues to evolve.

In this modern society, AI impacts how humans interact on the internet and socioeconomic institutions. Artificial intelligence can execute tasks, from simple to complex, learn, process language, rationalize, and solve a problem to achieve a specific goal.

Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, authors of Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, gave four different approaches that defined AI: It thinks humanly, thinks reason, acts humanly, and acts rationally. Those are ideas that are concern with the thought process and behavior.

The artificial intelligence focuses on three cognitive skills: learning, reasoning, and self-correction.

The learning processes of AI are programmed to focus on acquiring data and creating rules, known as algorithms, providing instructions on how to perform the specific task. The reasoning processes of AI focus on determining the right algorithm to achieve a goal. The self-correction methods of AI are designed for continuous revisions of an algorithm to provide accurate results.


Applications of Artificial Intelligence

There are endless applications of artificial intelligence that apply to different sectors and industries. AI programmed machines utilize dosing drugs, surgical procedures inside the operating room, and patient’s treatment when it comes to the healthcare industry.

Email services use artificial intelligence for email filtering and banks for fraud detection. The financial industry uses AI to detect activity banking and finance: unusual use of debit cards and account deposits.


Weak AI and Strong AI

There are categories of artificial intelligence: soft and strong artificial intelligence. Weak artificial intelligence, also known as narrow AI, is designed to perform one specific job. Examples of weak AI are Amazon’s Alexa and Apple’s Siri, a virtual personal assistant.

Vital artificial intelligence, also known as artificial general intelligence (AGI), is a system designed to copy the brain’s cognitive abilities. AGI uses fuzzy logic to deliver knowledge from one domain to another to find a solution to any given problem. You can find this system in self-driving cars or hospital operating rooms.


Things to Consider

Since the discovery of AI, many questions and debates have come to rise because of its use. Artificial intelligence can be beneficial for humans, but it can also invade people’s privacy, used as a weapon to attack someone. Another issue about AI is that it can affect human employment. As machines today are highly developed, many industries will look for intelligent machines instead of employing humans to do labor. With these machines, companies can generate more revenue.

We are now living in the modern world. Technologies have become companions of all humans, and as humans, we have to be careful in every data that we input on the internet.

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