Artificial Intelligence: Works and Components

The world’s transformation is very tangible today, so as technology. Technology is becoming more modernized, and the people can easily adjust for it brings total comfort and convenience. From the previous years, one of the marvelled inventions of technology is called Artificial Intelligence. What is it?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a comprehensive branch of computer science susceptible to building a smart machine that performs tasks that usually requires human intelligence. AI is an incorporative science with multiple approaches, but with much advancements in machine learning and deep knowledge is creating a paradigm shift in every sector of technology.

Works of AI

The fathers of Artificial Intelligence- Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, with their textbook A Modern Approach, unify their work around the mega-theme of intelligent agents in the machine. Russell and Norvig studied four different approaches that have historically defined the course of AI:

  1. Thinking rationally
  2. Thinking humanly
  3. Acting rationally
  4. Acting humanly

The first two works are concern with thought processes and reasoning, while the next two factors focus on the behaviour. While these definitions remain abstract, they can help focus on the field as an area of computer science and can provide the blueprint for infusing machines and programs primarily.

Components of AI

Understanding the AI slang is the primary key to facilitating discussion about the real-world applications of this technology. The technologies are troublesome, basically because they are revolutionizing the way humans interact with data and make decisions. That is why it is essential to understand its components.


Machine Learning / Learning from experience – Machine learning is an AI’s application that can provide computer systems with the capability to improve and learn from experiences without being explicitly programmed automatically. ML centres in the development of algorithms that analyzes data and make confident predictions.


Self-educating machines / Deep Learning – Deep learning is a portion of a device that utilizes artificial neural networks that learn by processing data. One of the examples of this portion is identifying the image of a face that comes from a mosaic of tiles. Another term of deep learning is speech recognition, which enables the voice assistant in tablets and phones to understand statements and questions.


Neural Network / Making Associations –  This process typically analyzes data for how many times to find associations and give meaning to undefined data. Through the different learning modalities, like positive reinforcement, that machine is usually thought, and it can successfully identify the object.


Cognitive Computing / Making inferences from the context – This is another essential component of AI. The primary purpose is to improve and imitate interactions between humans and machines. Artificial intelligence and cognitive computing together strive to provide devices with human-like behaviours and information processing abilities.


Computer Vision/ Understanding Images – This is a technique that needs and implements deep learning and pattern identifications to interpret contents of an individual image: including graphs, pictures in PDF documents, as well as video and texts. The application of this technology has already begun to revolutionize industries like research & development and healthcare developments.







What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence ((AI) is a branch of computer science susceptible to performing tasks that require human intelligence. AI is a technology and an artificial creation of human-like intelligence with multiple approaches programmed to replicate human actions.

The world is changing, so does technology. From the previous years, AI is a machine programmed to recognize text through optimal recognition or calculate essential functions. As the years progressed, artificial intelligence continues to evolve.

In this modern society, AI impacts how humans interact on the internet and socioeconomic institutions. Artificial intelligence can execute tasks, from simple to complex, learn, process language, rationalize, and solve a problem to achieve a specific goal.

Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, authors of Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, gave four different approaches that defined AI: It thinks humanly, thinks reason, acts humanly, and acts rationally. Those are ideas that are concern with the thought process and behavior.

The artificial intelligence focuses on three cognitive skills: learning, reasoning, and self-correction.

The learning processes of AI are programmed to focus on acquiring data and creating rules, known as algorithms, providing instructions on how to perform the specific task. The reasoning processes of AI focus on determining the right algorithm to achieve a goal. The self-correction methods of AI are designed for continuous revisions of an algorithm to provide accurate results.


Applications of Artificial Intelligence

There are endless applications of artificial intelligence that apply to different sectors and industries. AI programmed machines utilize dosing drugs, surgical procedures inside the operating room, and patient’s treatment when it comes to the healthcare industry.

Email services use artificial intelligence for email filtering and banks for fraud detection. The financial industry uses AI to detect activity banking and finance: unusual use of debit cards and account deposits.


Weak AI and Strong AI

There are categories of artificial intelligence: soft and strong artificial intelligence. Weak artificial intelligence, also known as narrow AI, is designed to perform one specific job. Examples of weak AI are Amazon’s Alexa and Apple’s Siri, a virtual personal assistant.

Vital artificial intelligence, also known as artificial general intelligence (AGI), is a system designed to copy the brain’s cognitive abilities. AGI uses fuzzy logic to deliver knowledge from one domain to another to find a solution to any given problem. You can find this system in self-driving cars or hospital operating rooms.


Things to Consider

Since the discovery of AI, many questions and debates have come to rise because of its use. Artificial intelligence can be beneficial for humans, but it can also invade people’s privacy, used as a weapon to attack someone. Another issue about AI is that it can affect human employment. As machines today are highly developed, many industries will look for intelligent machines instead of employing humans to do labor. With these machines, companies can generate more revenue.

We are now living in the modern world. Technologies have become companions of all humans, and as humans, we have to be careful in every data that we input on the internet.

13 Fun Early Childhood Activities

Looking for some activities that would help your kid improve skills?

Susan LaBella, an early childhood editor from Education World created a long list of activities that would help your kid or kids enjoy early childhood. These are some activities that early learning centres in Sydney adapt:


Brown Bear Game
Children are task to point out every animal in the book. They are to name the color of each animal and to make a sound as the animal makes. Make a bear-shaped school booklet and ask every child to draw something else that Brown Bear might have seen. Give each a precut bear-shaped leaf of paper and a tiny cup of chocolate custard pudding then use it to create a brown bear by finger paint.


Happy New Year Game
January marks the first month of the year. Show the students the following months after and teach them about the pattern of the months. Roam around the school then make the students use noisemakers, hats, confetti, banners as they wish everyone a Happy New Year. Have students create a resolution or class resolution for the day.


Valentine’s Day Activity for Kids
A love month. Using white, pink, and red hearts create a storm of heart in your classroom by hanging it from the ceiling. Show the students how to cut hearts from a folded paper. Using a sponge, sponge paint the heart shapes.


Nutritious Reading Activity
Use these books for reading:

Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs – Judi Barrett
Eating the Alphabet: Fruits and Vegetables from A to Z by Lois Ehlert
Oliver’s Vegetables by Vivian French


Let’s Plant Activity
Get paper egg tray and let each child fill a pocket of an with seeding soil. They can plant any seed in their pocket. Place the egg tray in a bright sunlit area and have the students water the seeds frequently. Chart each growth and take a picture as it grows.


A Mother’s Day Gift of Love Activity
Provide each student with a small box (jewelry size). Wrap it in colorful floral print and match it with ribbon and a card.


Seeing Stars (Flag Day) Activity
Provide students white construction paper, star-shaped cookie cutters, and red and blue tempera paint. Dunk the cookie cutters into color and print it onto the white papers. After the paint is dry, children can spread glue and sprinkle colored glitter.


Toss It Game
Get a cardboard box and cut two large star shapes. Paint it with red, white, and blue stripes. Gather the children to take turns to throw a bean bag through the star cutouts.


Back-to-School Bus Game
Create a large yellow school bus with a window for each student. Staple it on a bulletin board. Put a picture of their faces in the window then label your school bus.


Leaf Prints Activity
Provide paintbrushes, tempera paints in fall colors, and construction paper. Let the children paint the leaves and press onto the paper.


Pumpkin Poem Activity
Write the word pumpkin vertically on chart paper. Ask students for two to three words representing pumpkins that start with each character of the word p-u-m-p-k-i-n.


Giving Thanks Activity
Read Thanksgiving Is for Giving Thanks – Margaret Sutherland. Ask the students what they are thankful for then Record on chart paper.


Where’s Rudolph Game
Give each student a piece of whole wheat bread. Use peanut butter, pretzel sticks for antlers and legs, raisins for eyes, cherry for nose, and licorice string for mouth and tail.

What are the Terrible Twos?

Pediatricians and other parents often discussed this term “terrible twos”. What is this all about? Terrible twos is a natural developmental stage in children in which a toddler can typically bounce between the desire for independence and the trust on adults. It is characterized by challenging behaviours like kicking, hitting, biting or ignoring rules. This is the stage that most toddlers will go through to varying degrees.

Although annoying and exhausting, the terrible twos are the usual stage for your child that you need to undergo, and this is the sign that your toddler is now achieving major developmental milestones. This is the stage when they are better at talking, jumping, walking and being understood. But still, they don’t know what is safe and harmful for them, so it is always best to keep an eye on them and build boundaries.


While there’s no specific list of the signs, these common clues can lead you to the truth that your child has reached the terrible twos stage.

  • Getting frustrated when their wants and wishes aren’t fully understood.

This is a common cause for every child’s tantrums when you can’t read their minds. For example, he may want food, only to break down because you gave it to him in a small amount. Once toddlers can easily communicate their needs better, the tantrums will start to retreat.

  • Biting, hitting and kicking.

Toddlers often lash out physically because they may not find the word to express themselves, and because they are still developing impulse control. This sign is quite annoying and needs proper guidance from parents. This kind of behaviour needs to be handled carefully and consistently can stop.

  • Tantrums

Wailing, crying, making some noise and throwing themselves on the floors are the usual terrible twos tantrums, a tangible indication of your child’s developmental phasing.

  • Saying NO

When they learn how to say no at all times, even it doesn’t make sense in the situation, and even when they are not right. Toddlers tend to make use of this word while testing boundaries and learning the power of words. But then, you should guide them, especially when the scenario is between you tolerating them or accepting their name.

  • Territorial Fighting

At this stage, your toddlers are exploring and learning the concept of possession, hence, saying “mine” is their motto. With that, they are becoming more territorial and pick fights with parents and people who take what they think as theirs.

Terrible twos is an exhausting stage for your child yet a fulfilling one when you overcome the process. You can’t skip your child’s development, so take a deep breath. Coming up with strategies and listing ideas on how to deal with it properly is advised.

It might be unpleasant all the time, but here’s a helpful tip: The less upset you get, the quicker the storm will last. Always try to communicate with your child’s frustration and be patient. At the end of the tiring day, remind yourself what pretty much every parent who had a toddler at home: Tantrums are always reasonable.

How Do You Get Nobel Peace Prize?

The Nobel Peace Prize has already been awarded to 129 people since 1901. According to the concept of Alfred Nobel, this is an award given to individuals who were able to do the most or best work for fraternity among nations, for the promotion and holding of peace congresses, as well as the reduction or abolition of standing armies.

The purpose of Nobel Peace Prize is to give encouragement, attention, and the necessary funding to organizations and people who want to bring peace to the planet in order to help them become successful and expand their work. Even though there are hundreds of other peace prizes given all over the world, there is no doubt that the Nobel Peace Prize is one of the most popular, if not the most popular peace prize.

A Nobel Peace Prize winner will receive the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate title, a medal, a personal diploma as well as 10 million Swedish crowns or over $1.4 million USD.

Some of the most famous winners of Nobel Peace Prize include Malala Yousafzai, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Mother Teresa.

But, how do you really get a Nobel Peace Prize? Who are the people who choose the winner of this award?

The People Behind the Selection of the Winners of Nobel Peace Prize

The Norwegian Nobel Committee chooses the Nobel Peace Prize winners. The committee is composed of 5 members that the Norwegian parliament has appointed. The members are purported to be strictly independent. Since 1936, for instance, government officials are no longer allowed to sit on the committee to prevent any hints of the Committee being influenced by Norway’s present political climate.

How to be Nominated as a Nobel Peace Prize Winner

You are not allowed to nominate yourself or other people for the Nobel Peace Prize. You are also not allowed to campaign to win the award. The truth is that you will not know about your nomination because the records of nominees are being kept in secret for as long as 50 years.

Based on the official website of Nobel Peace Prize, only a select few people can submit nominees. These include national government members, International Court of Justice at The Hague and Permanent Court of Arbitration members, former winners of Nobel Peace Prize, university professors in specific fields, and others. Both organizations and individuals can be nominated.

Criteria in Choosing Nobel Peace Prize Winners

The main goal of Nobel Peace Prize is to give reward to people who made significant steps in bringing peace to the world in the year prior to the nomination.

The Nobel Peace Prize winners are usually people who didn’t only complete their work towards peace but are also at a crucial moment in their work and who require support winning brings.

To choose the winners, all nominees are considered by the Norwegian Nobel Committee. They then choose a short list composed of 5 to 20 people that they review further. These candidates are the ones considered to get the prize. The permanent advisors of the committee and other experts collect information on the candidates in the list to come up with reports that the committee uses for their deliberations.

The Committee will try to have a unanimous vote through debates and discussions. If there is no unanimous vote before the deadline set at the start of October, the winner of Nobel Peace Prize will be decided depending on the majority vote.

The Genius Called Da Vinci

Everyone knows Leonardo da Vinci. As the perfect epitome of a Renaissance man, Da Vinci was a genius, a polymath, and a pioneer in the fields of hydrodynamics and anatomy. He invented the self-powered vehicle, the parachute, the flying machine, the tank, and the helicopter. He is truly a man ahead of his time for most of his visionary inventions only came to existence centuries after he died.

But, art is one of those areas where Da Vinci truly excelled. Here are some of the most popular works of art that are the result of the creative imagination of this genius of a man:

  1. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda)

Mona Lisa is not just Da Vinci’s most famous painting as it is also safe to say that this is the world’s most popular painting. While there are a lot of alternate theories that popped up through the years, many believed that a middle-class woman from Florence, Lisa Gherardini, was the subject of this highly acclaimed and world-renowned painting.

The enigmatic but faint smile is the most striking feature of Mona Lisa. Others see it as a sad smile while some people consider the expression as somewhat sly, as if the woman is hiding a secret or something. This is why Mona Lisa is regarded as the first ever modern portrait that channeled the sitter’s psychology in one way or another. Centuries have passed but everyone is still curious what she was smiling about.

  1. The Last Supper (Il Cenacolo)

The mural The Last Supper is located in the church of Santa Maria della Grazie in Milan, Italy. This is a depiction of the scene from Gospel of John as Jesus spent his last supper with the disciples. Specifically, it was right at the moment after Jesus told the disciples that one of them is going to betray him.  The work of art is a very astute portrayal of the feelings of the disciples after they heard the news that range from dismay to anxiety.

Historically speaking, the painting is considered to be the first painting that depicted characters from the Bible that display human emotion and act like actual human beings. But, in terms of art, the painting is a true masterpiece because of the use of perspective. It seems like almost all elements in The Last Supper guides the viewer’s eyes to Jesus, the figure in the middle of the picture.

  1. The Vitruvian Man

Vitruvian Man is a depiction of a man that is in two positions laid on top of the other. The legs of the man are together in one position, with outstretched arms showing a square’s volume. The legs of the man stand apart in the second position with extended arms demonstrating a circle’s circumference. The delicate drawing and shading of the elements like the hair give this drawing a 3-dimensional graphic feel. It is the human body’s mathematical study that highlight the nature of balance that symmetry and proportion lend us. It is an understanding informing all the prolific output of Da Vinci in architecture, art and beyond.

Science is Full of Fun

Science Is Fun ImageScience consists of the understanding gotten through experimentations and observations. Science is actually enjoyable. Science has altered our lives like it has actually altered the living requirement of individuals. Science is very first divided into 3 classifications like used sciences, art/social sciences and pure sciences (science is included in arts). Science originates from arts like diagrams to reveal information after experiments.

There is a great deal of fun in science. Science is taught today as a major topic in school without any enjoyable simply basic goal that practically 90 percent trainees have is to protect high grades in it which is truly incorrect. Lots of effective in this world who have actually done fantastic contributions to science and arts were actually motivated by it and they felt enjoyable whenever they studied it. When studying science is the individual who will actually discover himself effective in it, an individual who discovers enjoyable. Nowadays trainees discover science as an uninteresting topic specifically mathematics. Due to the fact that we do not find enjoyable in it, that is. Science is all satisfaction and it is not as much boring as numerous trainees believe nor that much tough. Since that is our education system fault which has actually forgotten how to teach science with enjoyable, and that is not our fault too.

Science is all truly enjoyable like blending chemicals and approximating the speed of vehicle however these issues look tiring to numerous trainees however they can have a good time by picturing it in their own method. Nowadays creativity has actually been ended up due to the kind of education system we have today. It is simply marks however naturally, marks can not specify your future so, we must comprehend it and use it in our lives which is going to make a distinction in between you and other individuals when you do it and others do not. When Thomas Edison stated, “Tomorrow is my test and a notepad can not alter my future”.

Einstein stated that “Imagination is more crucial than believing”. It indicates that we have to think of science in our own method. We resemble robotics believing in just one method as our system informs us to do which is why we discover science as boring. If we begin to believe in our own method like anyhow simply picturing it and fixing it utilizing our own mind with no guides then we will discover the genuine enjoyable that is covered inside science and when we discover it then whatever is no huge offer. That is exactly what other effective individuals like Einstein did who figured the gravity principle in a brand-new method by believing in his own method when he understood that Newton has actually formerly informed us however he never ever believed and stopped about every phenomenon in his own method which is how he ended up being a popular researcher.

Exactly what we have to do is to believe about every service to the issue in our own method and then we will discover enjoyable and an entire brand-new view of that issue, since there no such issue that exists in this world and has just one service. An issue has constantly a great deal of services even much better and much better. It is our life and we can consider the option of any issue in our own method.

Physiologically it is our mind that offers with the things in a different way from others and it can be quickly managed too. It can be deceived quickly which it is why lots of people think that they can this however paying attention to others made them not do anything. Numerous trainees will state that science is simply hard, mathematics is simply challenging however it is you who is going to choose whether it is hard or not. Absolutely nothing in this life is basic and challenging till you make it such. If they are hard however rather we have to alter our view of mind for it, we do not have to make things simple.